Life Science

by alamin / 1 year ago

The life sciences or biological sciences comprise the branches of science that involve the scientific study of life and organisms – such as microorganisms, plants, and animals including human beings.

Life science is one of the two major branches of natural science, the other being physical science, which is concerned with non-living matter.
By definition, biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, with the other life sciences being its sub-disciplines.
Some life sciences focus on a specific type of organism. For example, zoology is the study of animals, while botany is the study of plants. Other life sciences focus on aspects common to all or many life forms, such as anatomy and genetics. Some focus on the micro-scale (e.g. molecular biology, biochemistry) other on larger scales (e.g. cytology, immunology, ethology, ecology). Another major branch of life sciences involves understanding the mind – neuroscience.
Life sciences discoveries are helpful in improving the quality and standard of life and have applications in health, agriculture, medicine, and the pharmaceutical and food science industries. 

Basic life science branches
Biology – burst and eclectic field, composed of many branches and sub-disciplines. However, despite the complexity and the broad scope of the science, there are certain general and unifying concepts within it that govern all study and research, consolidating it into a single, coherent field. Here are some of biology's major branches:
  • Anatomy – study of form and function, in plants, animals, and other organisms, or specifically in humans
Biotechnology: study of a combination of both the living organism and technology
  • Astrobiology – the study of the formation and presence of life in the universe
  • Biochemistry – study of the chemical reactions required for life to exist and function, usually a focus on the cellular level
  • Bioinformatics – developing of methods or software tools for storing, retrieving, organizing and analyzing biological data to generate useful biological knowledge
  • Biological anthropology – the study of humans, non-human primates, and hominids. Also known as physical anthropology
  • Biomechanics – the study of the mechanics of living beings
  • Biophysics – study of biological processes by applying the theories and methods that have been traditionally used in the physical sciences
  • Cell biology – study of the cell as a complete unit, and the molecular and chemical interactions that occur within a living cell. Also known as cytology
  • Developmental biology – study of the processes through which an organism forms, from zygote to full structure
  • Ecology – study of the interactions of living organisms with one another and with the non-living elements of their environment
  • Genetics – study of genes and heredity
  • Microbiology – study of microscopic organisms (microorganisms) and their interactions with other living organisms
  • Molecular biology – study of biology and biological functions at the molecular level, some cross over with biochemistry, genetics and microbiology
  • Physiology – study of the functioning of living organisms and the organs and parts of living organisms
  • Synthetic biology – the design and construction of new biological entities such as enzymes, genetic circuits and cells, or the redesign of existing biological systems (LY)
  • Theoretical biology – the use of abstractions and mathematical models to study biological phenomena
  • Toxicology – study of the effects of chemicals on living organisms
  • Zoology – study of animals, including classification, physiology, development, and behavior

Source: wikipedia


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Life Science

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The life sciences or biological sciences comprise the branches of science that involve the scientific study of life and organisms – such as microorganisms, plants, and animals including human beings.Life science is one of the two major branches of natural science, the other being physical science, which is concerned with non-living matter.By definition, biology is the natural science that studie...

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